Research in our group is in the general area of polymer science, crystallization and spectroscopic characterization of polymers. Our primary objective is to study the effect of hydrogen bonding in extensibility of hydrogen bonded polymers. Our second objective is to investigate crystallization and degradation behavior of various biodegradable polymers and their nanocomposite systems.
It is generally believed that hydrogen bonding makes polyamides important engineering plastics, because of the high strength it imparts. However, the interchain hydrogen bonds between amide groups are seen as a barrier to ultradrawing of high molecular weight polyamides and, therefore, to the achievement of high strength and high modulus fibers. The purpose of our research is to develop a new method to spin and draw high strength fibers and films by suppressing the interchain amide group hydrogen bonding. There is evidence in the literature that hydrogen bond suppression can be achieved by Lewis Acid - Base complexation of polyamides, and this may provide a way to temporarily eliminate hydrogen bonding during drawing, allowing orientation to the desired degree, followed by reformation of the hydrogen bonds in the oriented state. We are investigating the influence of hydrogen bonding on fiber formation in low and high molecular weight polyamides, and examine morphological characteristics such as molecular orientation in the crystalline and noncrystalline regions, degree of crystallinity and crystallite size.
Our second objective is to investigate new approaches to significantly improve the performance of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) derived materials and offer a biodegradable alternative for high performance fiber applications. The broad application of current commercial PLA products for semicrystalline, thermoplastic fiber markets is limited by their relatively low Tg (ca. 50-60oC), poor melt strength, low modulus, and unfavorable rate of hydrolysis above the Tg. Thus PLA-based materials have been targeted for predominantly biomedical applications from surgical sutures to drug delivery systems. We plan to address these limitations and expand the use of PLA by preparing hybrid inorganic nanocomposites of PLA with, for example, clays, sol-gels, and metal oxides. We are investigating the effect of microstructure of PLA and PLA nanocomposites on hydrolytic and enzymatic degradation.
1. Effect of the Microstructure on the Dye Diffusion and Mechanical Properties of Polyamide 6 Fibers. N.Vasanthan*. J. Polym. Sci, Polym Phy, 2007, 45, 349.
2. Crystallization Studies of Poly (trimethylene terephthalate) Using Thermal Analysis and Far Infrared spectroscopy. N.Vasanthan* and M. Yamen. J. Polym. Sci, Polym Phy, 2007, 45, 349.
3. Properties of Films and Fibers Obtained from Lewis Acid-Base Complexed Nylon 6,6. M. Afshari, A. Gupta, D. Jung, R. Kotek*, A. E. Tonelli, and N. Vasanthan. Polymer, 2008, 49,1297.
4. Formation and Characterization of Thiourea Encapsulated Polyethylene Oxide. A.Campo, J. Fretti and N. Vasanthan*. Polymer, 2008, 49,374.
5. Structural and Conformational Changes During Thermally Induced Crystallization of Poly (trimethylene terephthalate) by Infrared Spectroscopy. M. Yamen, S. Ozkaya and N. Vasanthan*. J. Polym. Sci, Polym Phy, 2008, 46, 1497. 6. Effect of Microstructure on Hydrolytic Degradation of Poly (L-lactic acid) by FTIR Spectroscopy and Differential Scanning Calorimetry. N. Vasanthan* and Oanh Ly. Polymer Degradation and Stability. 2009, 94, 1364.
7. Multiple Thermosetting of Partially Crystalline Polymers I: Polyamide 66 and Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Fibers. D. R. Salem* and N. Vasanthan. Polymer, 2009, 50, 1790.
8. Structure Formation and Characterization of Polyamide Fibers, an Invited Chapter, in Press. M. Jaffe Ed, Woodhead Publishing: London (2009).
9. A study of Antimicrobial Propert of Textile Fabric Treated with Modified Dendrimers. S. Ghosh*, S. Yadeev, N. Vasanthan and G. Sekosan. J. Appl Polym. Sci, 2010, 115, 716.
10. Morphological Changes of Annealed Poly (ε-Caprolacton) Film with Lipase. G. Sekosan and N. Vasanthan*. J. Polym. Sci, Polym Phy, 2010, 48, 202.
11. Morphological and Conformational Changes of Poly (trimethylene terephthalate) during Isothermal Melt Crystallization. N. Vasanthan*, S. Ozkaya and M. Yaman. J. Phys. Chem B, 2010, xx, xxxx.
You can see my full CV here.
Phone: (718) 246-6328
Fax: (718) 488-1465
created on Sept. 13, 2004